Cleft lip: a split in the upper lip appears as openings or gaps on the external surface of the lip . This split often extends up to the upper gum or beyond the nose involving the bones of the upper jaw.
Cleft palate: It is a fissure in the roof of the mouth. This split may affect the hard palate (which is the anterior part of the roof of the mouth), or the soft palate (the posterior part of the roof of the mouth ).
Genetic factors: Most scientists believe that the causes of cleft lip and/or cleft palate refers to a group of genetic and environmental factors. Therefore, the risk of occurrence of these malformations happens in in a newborn if a sibling, parent, or relative has had the problem.
Orthodontics or other types of treatments offered by dentists.
Plastic surgeon :to evaluate and perform necessary surgeries on the lip and/or palate.
An otolaryngologist : (an ear, nose, and throat doctor) to evaluate hearing problems and consider treatment options for hearing problems.
An oral surgeon : to reposition segments of the upper jaw when needed, to improve function and appearance and to repair the cleft of the gum.
An orthodontist to straighten and reposition teeth.
An audiologist : (a specialist in communication disorders stemming from a hearing impairment); to assess and monitor hearing.
A social worker : to support the family and assess any adjustment problems.
Treatment usually begins in infancy and often continues through early adulthood. Where most of them achieve a high degree of successful appearance and speech .
Do the children suffering from cleft lip and/or cleft palate need the care of a dentist.
Generally, the preventive and restorative dental care needs of children with clefts are the same as for other children. However, children with cleft lip and cleft palate may have special problems require close monitoring and high dental care as.
Early dental care ( in the initial stages of disease ) Like other children, children born with cleft lip and cleft palate require.
fluoride treatment in order to have healthy teeth. Appropriate cleaning with a small, soft-bristled toothbrush should begin as soon as teeth erupt. If a soft children’s toothbrush will not adequately clean the teeth because of the modified shape of the mouth and teeth, a toothette may be recommended by your dentist. A toothette is a soft, mouthwash-containing sponge on a handle that’s used to swab teeth. Many dentists recommend that the first dental visit be scheduled at about 1 year of age or even earlier if there are special dental problems. Routine dental care can begin around 3 years of age.