The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the hinge joint that connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the temporal bone of the skull, which is immediately in front of the ear on each side of your head.
This pain is resulted of Grinding or clenching the teeth, which puts a lot of pressure on the TMJ.
What are the symptoms of the pain of the jaw joints?
People with TMD can experience severe pain and discomfort that can be temporary or last for many years. More women than men experience TMD, and TMD is seen most commonly in people between the ages of 20 and 40.
Common symptoms of TMD include:
- Pain or tenderness in the face, jaw joint area, neck and shoulders, and in or around the ear when you chew, speak, or open your mouth wide.
- Limited ability to open the mouth very wide.
- Jaws that get “stuck” or “lock” in the open- or closed-mouth position.
- Clicking, popping, or grating sounds in the jaw joint when opening or closing the mouth (which may or may not be accompanied by pain) or chewing.
- A tired feeling in the face.
- Difficulty chewing or a sudden uncomfortable bite – as if the upper and lower teeth are not fitting together properly.
- Swelling on the side of the face.
- Other common symptoms of TMD include toothaches, headaches, neck aches, dizziness, earaches, hearing problems, upper shoulder pain, and ringing in the ears (tinnitus).
How Is TMD Diagnosed?
Because many other conditions can cause similar symptoms to TMD – including a toothache, sinus problems, arthritis, or gum disease – your dentist will conduct a careful patient history and physical examination to determine the cause of your symptoms.
Your dentist will examine your temporomandibular joints for pain or tenderness;
- listen for clicking, popping.
- or grating sounds during jaw movement.
- look for limited motion or locking of the jaw while opening or closing the mouth
- and examine bite and facial muscle function.
- Sometimes panoramic X-rays will be taken. These full face X-rays allow your dentist to view the entire jaws, temporomandibular joint, and teeth to make sure other problems aren’t causing the TMD symptoms.
Sometimes, other imaging tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or a computer tomography (CT), are needed.
- The MRI :views the soft tissue such as the TMJ disc to see if it is in the proper position as the jaw moves.
- ACT scan :helps view the bony detail of the joint.
Your dentist may decide to send you to an oral surgeon (also called an oral and maxillofacial surgeon) for further care and treatment. This oral health care professional specializes in surgical procedures in and about the entire face, mouth, and jaw area.
What Treatments Are Available for TMD?
Treatments for TMD range from simple self-care practices and conservative treatments to injections and surgery. Most experts agree that treatment should begin with conservative, nonsurgical therapies first, with surgery left as the last resort. Many of the treatments listed below often work best when used in combination.
Basic Treatments for TMD
Some basic, conservative treatments for TMD include:
- Apply moist heat or cold packs : Apply an ice pack to the side of your face and temple area for about 10 minutes. Do a few simple stretching exercises for your jaw (as instructed by your dentist or physical therapist). After exercising, apply a warm towel or washcloth to the side of your face for about 5 minutes. Perform this routine a few times each day.
- Eat soft foods: Eat soft foods such as yogurt, mashed potatoes, cottage cheese, soup, scrambled eggs, fish, cooked fruits and vegetables, beans, and grains.
- cut foods into small pieces : In addition,to decrease the amount of chewing required.
- Avoid hard and crunchy foods :(like hard rolls, pretzels, raw carrots), chewy foods (like caramels and taffy) and thick and large foods that require your mouth to open wide to fit.
- Wear a splint or night guard. Splints and night guards are plastic mouthpieces that fit over the upper and lower teeth. They prevent the upper and lower teeth from coming together, lessening the effects of clenching or grinding the teeth..
- Avoid extreme jaw movements. Keep yawning and chewing (especially gum or ice) to a minimum and avoid extreme jaw movements such as yelling or singing
- Take medications : To relieve muscle pain and swelling, try nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as naproxen or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Aleve). Your dentist can prescribe higher doses of these or other drugs for pain relief. Muscle relaxants, especially for people who grind or clench their teeth, can help relax tight jaw muscles. Anti-anxiety medications can help relieve stress that is sometimes thought to aggravate TMD. Antidepressants, when used in low doses, can also help reduce or control pain. Muscle relaxants, anti-anxiety drugs, and antidepressants are available by prescription only.
Orthodontic or dental restorations:
- Undergo to treatment and correctional ways to the teeth such as.
- Fill the vacuum caused by missing teeth
If you follow this advice for almost a month and pain Not decreased You should consult your dentist or specialist and Maxillofacial Surgery.